Safer sex recommendations are how to lessen the threat of spreading HIV during sexual intercourse.

Safer sex recommendations are how to lessen the threat of spreading HIV during sexual intercourse.

SO HOW EXACTLY DOES HIV SPREAD WHILE HAVING SEX? To distribute HIV during intercourse, HIV illness in bloodstream or fluids that are sexual be sent to some body. Sexual liquids result from a man’s penis or from the woman’s vagina, prior to, during, or after orgasm. HIV could be sent whenever contaminated fluid gets into someone’s human anatomy.

You can’t distribute HIV when there is no HIV infection. In the event that you along with your lovers aren’t infected with HIV, there’s absolutely no danger. a “undetectable viral load” (see Fact Sheet 125) does NOT suggest “no HIV illness.” When there is no connection with bloodstream or intimate liquids, there’s no danger. HIV has to go into the physical human body for illness to take place.

UNSAFE STRATEGIES non-safe sex includes a high danger of distributing HIV. The best danger is whenever blood or sexual fluid touches the soft, moist areas (mucous membrane) within the anus, vagina, lips, or in the tip for the penis. These can be damaged effortlessly, which provides HIV way to get involved with the human body.

Vaginal or intercourse that is rectal protection is unsafe. Intimate fluids go into the human anatomy, and wherever a man’s penis is placed, it may cause tiny rips that produce HIV illness much more likely. The receptive partner is much more probably be contaminated, although HIV could possibly go into your penis, particularly if this has contact with HIV-infected blood or genital liquids for some time or if it offers any available sores.

Some guys think which they can’t send HIV when they pull their penis out before they reach orgasm. That isn’t true, because HIV is into the fluid which comes out from the penis before orgasm.

SAFER STRATEGIES most activity that is sexual some threat of distributing HIV. To cut back the danger, ensure it is more challenging for bloodstream or intimate fluid to enter into the human body.

Know about the human body as well as your partner’s. Cuts, sores, or bleeding gums increase the possibility of distributing HIV. Rough activity that is physical escalates the danger.

Make use of a barrier to avoid experience of bloodstream or fluid that is sexual. Keep in mind that the body’s barrier that is natural your skin.

The most frequent barrier that is artificial a condom for males. You can even make use of feminine condom to protect the vagina or anus during sex. Fact Sheet 153 has more info on condoms.

Lubricants can increase intimate stimulation. Oil-based lubricants like Vaseline, natural oils, or ointments may damage condoms along with other latex obstacles. Make sure to utilize lubricants that are water-based.

Oral intercourse has risk that is low of HIV, however it is feasible if intimate liquids be in the mouth and in case you will find bleeding gum tissue or sores into the lips. Items of latex or synthetic wrap over the vagina, or condoms on the penis, may be used as obstacles during dental intercourse. Condoms without lubricants would be best for dental intercourse. Many lubricants taste awful.

HIV medicines can reduce the possibility of transmitting HIV. HIV-negative people in danger may take medicines, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP, see Fact Sheet 160) before visibility, or post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP, see Fact Sheet 156) within 72 hour of publicity. A HIV+ individual who takes medicines and contains an invisible viral load is a lot less prone to infect other people.

SECURE STRATEGIES secure tasks do not have danger for distributing HIV. Abstinence (never ever making love) is wholly safe. Intercourse with just one partner is safe so long as neither certainly one of you is contaminated and if neither certainly one of you ever has intercourse or stocks needles (see Fact Sheet 154).

Fantasy, masturbation, or hand jobs ( in which you keep your liquids to yourself), sexy talk, and non-sexual therapeutic massage may also be safe. There’s absolutely no threat of transmitting HIV with your tasks.

To be safe, assume that your particular intercourse partners are infected with HIV. You can’t tell if individuals are contaminated by the way they look. They are often lying when they tell you he is perhaps not contaminated, particularly if they would like to have sexual intercourse to you. Some individuals got HIV from their partners that are steady had been unfaithful “just once.”

Also those who got a bad test outcome could be infected. They could have now been infected when they were exposed to HIV after they got tested, or they might have gotten the test too soon. Fact Sheet 102 has more details on HIV screening.

LET’S SAY BOTH PEOPLE ARE USUALLY INFECTED? Some individuals that are HIV-infected don’t see the requirement to follow safer intercourse recommendations when they’re intimate along with other contaminated individuals. But, it nevertheless is sensible to “play safe.” In the event that you don’t, you will be subjected to other sexually transmitted infections such as for instance herpes, human being papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis or syphilis. In the event that you curently have HIV, these conditions could be more severe. Choosing a intercourse partner centered on their HIV disease status is known as “sero sorting.” a present research revealed that it is not an effective option to lower the chance of HIV illness.

Additionally, though unusual, you will get “re-infected” with a different stress of HIV. This brand new version of HIV could be resistant to antiretroviral medications. Following a directions for safer intercourse will lower the danger.

KNOW VERY WELL WHAT YOU’RE DOING utilizing alcohol or drugs before or while having sex significantly escalates the possibilities that you will maybe perhaps not follow safer intercourse tips. Be cautious if you’ve got utilized any liquor or medications.

SET YOUR LIMITS determine how much danger you are able to simply simply take. Discover how protection that is much desire to use during different types of intimate tasks. Just before have actually sex, think of safer intercourse set your limits get yourself a supply of water-based lubricant and condoms or any other obstacles, and make certain these are typically no problem finding when you really need them speak to your lovers so that they understand your limitations. Adhere to your limitations. Don’t allow liquor or medications or a appealing partner make you forget to safeguard your self.

THE BASE LINE HIV disease can happen during sexual intercourse. Intercourse is safe as long as there isn’t any HIV, no bloodstream or fluids that are sexual or not a way for HIV to find yourself in the human body.

You are able to decrease the chance of illness if you avoid unsafe tasks or if you utilize barriers like condoms. Determine on your own limitations and stay glued to them.